KAJIAN BARU KRITIK HADITS JOSEPH SCHACT Studi Analisis “Teori Projecting Back”
Studies of the early-era hadiths have gone through so long and strict phases of the scholars. Hadith which are authentic sources after the Al-Qur'an makes the scholars devote their attention to maintaining the validity and continuity of the hadith. One form of appreciation for the Hadith is the number of books which contain the Prophet's hadith as a medium to save the Prophet's qaul. in the course of the study of the hadith including the form of writing and gathering it was not as easy as it had in mind. Because of this difficulty and various challenges, a handful of scholars from the west emerged to enter and try to find loopholes to weaken the authenticity of a hadith. Among them there are those who devote almost a portion of their lives to studying and deepening the hadith. But the results of their study of hadith are not all purely for the development of science, especially in the discipline of ulum al-hadis. One contribution of their thinking in the study of hadith is the emergence of several theories which aim to sue and undermine the theory of established Muslim scholars. In this paper, we will explore further the thoughts of orientalists and western scholars, especially Joseph Schact, who want to try to undermine the authenticity of hadith through a theory known as "Projecting Back" as well as objections made by Muslims to the theory.
________________, Metode Kritik Hadis,Jakarta: Penerbit Hikmah, 2009.
Darmalaksana, Wahyudin. Hadis di Mata Orientalis : Telaah atas Pandangan Ignaz Goldziher dan Joseph Schacht, Bandung : Benang Merah Press, 2004.
Hadi, Khoirul dalam Joseph Schacht’s Contribution To The Study Of Islamic Law, Tesis, (Kanada: Institute of Islamic Studies McGill University, 1992.
Hafid, Erwin. dalam Kritik Hadis, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1995.
Idri, Epistemologi Ilmu Pengetahuan, Ilmu Hadism dan Ilmu Hukum Islam, Jakarta: Kencana, 2015.
____, Hadis dan Orientalisme: Perspektif Ulama Hadi dan Orientalisme tentang Hadis Nabi, Cet. I; Depok: Kencana, 2017.
____. “Otentitas Hadi>ts Mutawatir dalam Teori Common Link G.H.A Juynboll”, Nomor 2, maret 2013.
Ismail, M. Syuhudi Kaidah Kesahihan Sanda Hadis: Telaah Kritis dan Tinjauan dengan Pendekatan Ilmu Sejarah ,Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1998.
Masrur, Ali Teori Common Link G.H.A Juynboll: Melacak Akar Kesejarahan Hadis Nabi, Cet.III; Yogyakarta: Lkis Yogyakarta, 20113.
Mustaqim, Abdul. “Teori Sistem Isnad Otentitas Hadis Menurut Perspektif M.M Azami” dalam Hamim Ilyas dan Suryadi (eds), Wacana Studi Hadis Kontemporer, Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2002.
M.Nur khalis setiawan, Sahiron syamsuddin, Orientalisme Al-qur’an dan Hadits, (Center for the Study of Islam in North America, Western Europe and southeasth ASIA: Nawesea Press, 2007.
Mahmudah. Nur, “Pemikiran G.H.A Juynboll Tentang Hadis."Jurnal Mutawtir. Vol 3. No.1.2013
Setiawan. Cahya Edi, Studi hadis: Analisis Pemikiran Pemikiran Schacht Dan A'zami, Jurnal: Vol. 4 No. 1 Juli 2018