Main Article Content


A child custody environment that is not conducive can hamper children's development because the child's rights are not fulfilled properly. In a family environment that is not conducive (broken home), the authority of child custody is often debated and even unclear. In addition to the disruption of the child's custody environment as a result of an unfavorable environment, it is not uncommon for parents of children to choose to transfer custody of their children to be cared for by parties other than the family, or even entrusted to orphanages. In the transfer of the environment of child custody to someone other than the family or to an orphanage, it is necessary to have the legality of the court as a legal basis for care that has various legal effects as a consequence of the transfer of the environment of child custody. On the one hand, the Religious Courts, which are one of the implementing agencies for judicial power in Indonesia, do not have a clear legality basis in examining, deciding, and resolving cases of custody applications filed by other than the family. So that the existence of the Religious Courts in examining, deciding, and resolving cases of a petition for child custody is important to be studied, because given the absence of regulations that clearly regulate the authority for the Religious Courts to hear cases of requests for child care or custody of children submitted by other than family party. This research is field research which is classified as qualitative research that combines theory and practice in the field which produces answers that do not number. The results showed that the religious court can examine, decide and settle cases of child custody applications filed by other than the family with reference to two general foundations, namely the juridical foundation and the philosophical basis.


Legality Custody Rights Religious Courts

Article Details

How to Cite
Nasrullah, N. (2020). LEGALITY APPLICATION FOR CHILDREN’S RIGHTS BY FAMILY PARTIES THROUGH THE RELIGIOUS COURT. Al-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Islam Fakultas Syariah UIN Mataram, 12(2), 135–152.


  1. A. Basiq Djalil. Peradilan Agama Di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2006.
  2. Abdullah Manan. Aspek-Aspek Pengubah Hukum. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2005.
  3. Abdullah Manan. Etika Hakim Dalam Penyelenggaraan Peradilan. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2007.
  4. Ahmad Rofiq. Hukum Islam Di Indonesia. Jakarta : PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2003.
  5. Ali Afandi. Hukum Waris, Hukum Keluarga, Hukum Pembuktian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2000.
  6. Andi Syamsu Alam & M. Fauzan. Hukum Pengangkatan Anak Perspektif Islam, Jakarta: Pena Media, 2008.
  7. Cik Hasan Bisri. Peradilan Agama di Indonesia. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2000.
  8. Cik Hasan Bisri. Peradilan Islam Dalam Tatanan Masyarakat Indonesia. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2000.
  9. Erfanizah Zuhriah. Peradilan Agama di Indonesia. Jogjakarta: Sukses Offset, 2008.
  10. Gemala Dewi (Ed.). Hukum Acara Perdata Peradilan Agama Di Indonesia. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2006.
  11. Hoetomo. Kamus Lengkap Bahasa Indonesia. Surabaya: Mitra Pelajar, 2005.
  12. Husaini Usman. Metode Penelitian Sosial. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2004.
  13. Huzaemah T. Yanggo. Suara Uldilag Mahkamah Agung RI Lingkungan Peradilan Agama (vol. 3. No.X). Jakarta: Pokja Perdata Agama RI, 2007.
  14. Lexy J. Meleong. Metodologi Penelitian kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2008.
  15. M. Fauzan. Pokok-Pokok Hukum Acara Perdata Peradilan Agama dan Mahkamah Syari’ah. Jakarta: Kencana Media Prenada, 2007.
  16. M. Nur Rasaid. Hukum Acara Perdata. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2003.
  17. M. Ridwan Lubis (Ed). Peradilan Satu Atap dan Profesi Advokat. Jakarta: Puslitbang Kehidupan Beragama, 2005.
  18. Mohammad Daud Ali. Hukum Islam dan Peradilan Agama. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2002.
  19. Muderis Zaini. Adopsi Suatu Tinjauan Dari Tiga Sistem Hukum. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2006.
  20. Mustofa. Pengangkatan Anak Kewenangan Pengadilan Agama. Jakarta: Kencana, 2008.
  21. Rasady Ruslan. Metode Penelitian Public Relations dan Komunikasi. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2003.
  22. Soedharyo Saimin. Himpunan Dasar Hukum Pengangkatan Anak. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2004.
  23. Soerjono & Abdurrahman. Metode Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2005.
  24. Sudarsono. Pengadilan Negeri, Pengadilan Tinggi, Mahkamah Agung, dan Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1994.
  25. Suharsimi Arikunto. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 1997.
  26. Teungku Muhammad Hasbi Ash-Shiddieqy. Peradilan dan Hukum Acara Islam. Semarang: PT Pustaka Rizki Putra, 2001.
  27. Yulies Tiena Masriani. Pengantar Hukum Indonesia. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2006.