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Abstract

The conclusion of this paper is that the development of children in Surat Luqman according to ar-Râzî in the interpretation of Mafâtîh al-Ghaib, includes guidance in: the values ​​of faith, understanding religious teachings in a ritual and substantial manner, being devoted to parents, democratic attitudes, consistency and patience in amar ma'ruf nahi munkar, avoiding intellectual, moderate, and communicative arrogance. The concept of fostering religious values ​​in a ritual-substantial manner and fostering Muslim character is integrated in an applicative and continuous manner. This paper also reveals that the coaching process starts with the parents, because coaching children requires a successful coach. Luqman is also symbolized by part of the parents, as insân kâmil because of the wisdom, "hakîm" is a sign of one's self-perfection, "integrating knowledge, faith and charity". After that, ar-Râzî mentions "mukâmil", as a sign to perfect the personality of others. In contemporary studies, the concept of child development discussed in this paper has relevance to "eco-parenting", namely the role of parents in introducing environmental education to children. This paper uses qualitative methods and the maudu'i interpretation method to find a comprehensive concept of child development. following with the inter-verse munâsabah method, and ta'wîl al-Qu'rân.

Keywords

development of children, surat luqman, mafâtîh al-ghaib

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