El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah <p><strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> published twice a year since 2010 (April and October), is a multilingual (Indonesian, Arabic, and English), peer-reviewed journal, and specializes in Arabic language learning, linguistic, and education. This journal is published by the State Islamic University of Mataram (UIN) Mataram, in partnership with IMLA (Association of Arabic Lecturers) with registered number ISSN <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1441861208" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2087-3638</a> (Print) and ISSN <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1546830981" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2655-7746</a> (Online). <strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> has been nationally accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/profile/5830" target="_blank" rel="noopener">(Sinta)</a></p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br /><strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> <br />is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a></p> en-US el-tsaqafah@uinmataram.ac.id (Akmaluddin) akmal@uinmataram.ac.id (Akmaluddin) Fri, 05 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 TATBIQ TORIQOH AL QAWAID WA TARJAMAH FI TANMIYATI MAHARATUL KITABAH https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/8012 <p>This research aims to explain Arabic language learning using grammar and translation methods that can train students in writing, measure students' memory, increase Arabic vocabulary, facilitate the translation process, make it easier to determine the position of sentences and compose essays, as well as train other writing skills. This research was conducted at MAN 2 Jombang with the aim of knowing about writing skill learning, applying the grammar and trasnlation method to increase skill, and knowing the supporting and inhibiting factors of applying the method. This study uses a qualitative approach method, namely by using a descriptive qualitative research method. Data was collected using observation, interview, and documentation methods. The collected data in the form of words were analyzed by means of data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results of this study indicate that (1) the ability to memorize books of class XI students at MAN 2 Jombang is quite good as seen from learning Arabic at each meeting. (2) the application of the grammar and trasnlation method is to make it easier for students to improve writing skill. (3) The advantages of implementing this are that it makes it easier for students to determine the position of sentences by understanding the nahwu shorof rules and also makes it easier for students to translate from Arabic to Indonesian and vice versa. While the drawback of this method is the quick explanation of the material by the teacher in a short time.</p> Dwi Nuzilatul Asro, Fathur Rohman Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/8012 Sat, 20 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TAWZIF AL-WASA'IL AL-TAKLIMIYAH AL-HADITHAH LI-TAKLIM AL-BALAGHAH AL-'ARABIYAH: AL-'ARUD AT-TAQDIMIYAH (POWERPOINT) NAMUDHAJAN https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9226 <p>This paper aims to provide practical suggestions for teaching Arabic rhetoric to non-Arabic speaking university students. These suggestions are presented in PowerPoint slides and their use is explained in a way that is consistent with the content of the material. These suggestions were tested on two groups of students enrolled in Bachelor's programs in Sharia, Islamic Studies, and Foundations of Religion at Sultan Azlan Shah University in Malaysia. The problem with teaching non-Arabic speakers a new science in Arabic language is that their level in the language is uneven and most of them are below the required level to study a subject that requires a strong foundation in the language, especially when dealing with poetry and eloquent sayings that are the subject of rhetoric. This poses a challenge for both the teacher and the student. The study relied on a descriptive approach to create and present slides, and to explain the principles and considerations that should be taken into account. The study arrived at a number of results, the most important of which is the necessity of using these modern methods, which are no longer a luxury or a standard for evaluating the teacher alone, as the study recorded an improvement in students' understanding of rhetoric lessons after using these methods compared to not using them.</p> Abdulghaffar Samae, Rusdee Taher Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9226 Fri, 05 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TARQIYYATU KUDRATI FAHMI TARKIB AL-LUGHAH AL-ARABIYAH BI NAMUDZAJ MAKE A MATCH https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/7441 <p>The obstacle which has suffered by students when they learn Arabic languange is their lower comprehending about languange structure. This matter can be knowed from KKM Arabic languange lesson in class VII C MTs Negeri 12 Banyuwangi that setted as 75, but only 10 students of 28 students can reach KKM whereas the other 18 students can’t yet reach KKM which setted. Else that, the data of daily test result analysis has indicated that the students ability of comprehending Arabic languange structure is very low. The purpose of this study was to find out whether the Make a Match model can improve the ability to understand the structure of Arabic in class VII C MTs Negeri 12 Banyuwangi at school? In this study using classroom action research (PTK). The plan of actions was held by two cycles. Each cycle consist of 4 phase, viz planning, acting, observation, and reflecting. Data collection has been held by doing individual asessment (test) and fused with triangulation technique viz interview, observation, and documentation. Data analysis that are used is descriptive analysis technique. The result of this research is Make a Match model be able to improve ability of comprehending Arabic languange structure in class VII C MTs Negeri 12 Banyuwangi at school. That case based study completeness of student, percentage at the pre-cycle was 44% then improved at the first cycle 65,38% and at the second cycle become 80%.</p> Aisyatul Hanun, Amirul Mukminin, Muhammad Syarifuddin, Mohammad Atmim Aisyi Copyright (c) 2023 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/7441 Fri, 29 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS KONTRASTIF INFLEKSI DAN DERIVASI DALAM BAHASA ARAB DAN BAHASA INDONESIA (KAJIAN MORFOLOGI DESKRIPTIF) https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9031 <p>The aim of this research is to analyze the differences and similarities between Arabic and Indonesian in terms of inflectional morphology and derivations. The type of research used is a descriptive qualitative research method with a contrastive synchronic approach. Data collection methods and techniques in this research used listening methods and note-taking techniques. The results obtained from this research are that there are similarities and differences in the inflection and derivation processes in Arabic and Indonesian. The similarity is that in the inflection process both of them get changes in the verb (verb), nominal (noun) and adjective (adjective). Likewise, in the derivation process, both of them receive additions at the beginning, middle and end in order to obtain a specific meaning or goal. The difference between Arabic and Indonesian in the inflection and derivation process is that Arabic is more productive than Indonesian both in terms of inflection and derivation.</p> Muhammad Solihin, Muhsinin Muhsinin Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9031 Fri, 19 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 DIALOG SEBAGAI METODE PEMBELAJARAN: STUDI KITAB AL-TARBIYYAH BI AL-HIWAR KARYA ABDURRAHMAN AN-NAHLAWI https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/7313 <p><em>Islamic theology has a very large educational role in shaping the civilization of a society. However, Islamic Education today is in a dilemmatic position, between Rationalist-Critical or remaining in a position of strengthening religious theology. This article is a literature review that focuses on the theorizing of an-Nahlawi's work. By using content analysis on an-Nahlawi's main work, At-Tarbiyah bi al-Hiwar: Min Asalib at-Tarbiyah al-Islamiyah, as well as conducting a comparative analysis with another an-Nahlawi's work, Ushul at-Tarbiyah al-Islamiyah wa Asalibuha fi al-Bayt wa al-Madrasah wa al-Mujtama'. This research found several conclusions: (a) Kitab at-tarbiyah bi al-Hiwar is a study of Islamic education methods which were inspired by the educational journey undertaken by Allah to his Prophets, as well as that carried out by the Prophet Muhammad to his Companions. (b) Hiwar is an Islamic-Qur'anic terminology used in the communication of Allah to His Servant. The al-Hiwar method is the authentic method of Islam even from the beginning of the Revelation of the Qur'an. (c) The method of education with hiwar has been explained in detail in the Qur'an and the history of Islamic teaching by the Prophet Muhammad to his people, including: Hiwar Qur'ani and Nabawi, Hiwar Washfi, Hiwar Khitabi -Ta'abbudi and Hiwar at-ta 'lim. Islamic education is the transmission of knowledge and the transformation of a good soul and can provide goodness in life.</em></p> Muharir Alwan, Himayatul Izzati Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/7313 Sat, 27 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 NILAI-NILAI BUDAYA TRADISI LISAN DALAM PERTUNJUKAN JIKI HADARA PADA PERNIKAHAN MASYARAKAT BIMA: KAJIAN ANTROPOLOGI LINGUISTIK https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9325 <p>This research is a qualitative description research that produces descriptions in from written or spoken words of the people and the observer behavior. This study aims to describe the form of performance, indexicality, and participation. Oral traditional cultur values and inheritance systems in the Jiki Hadara performance, indexicality, and inheritance systems in the Jiki Hadara performance at the wedding of the Bima people with a linguistic anthropological perspective. The theory used in this study is the theory of linguistic anthropology from Duranti. The data collection was carried out using the observation method, the proficient method, and the transcription method. Data analysis using qualitative methods consisting of data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions. The result of this study indicate that the Jiki Hadara performance at the wedding of the Bima community in the Tumpu Village, Bolo sub-district,has forms of performance, indexicality, and participation. Besides that, there are also traditional values in this research as well as an inheritance system that can provide an understanding in maintaining a traditional culture. This research is expected to be material for discussion for all groups, especially for cultural and scientific activists, especially in the field of linguistic anthropology.</p> Muh. Sha'ad Bawazzir, Johan Mahyudi, Aswandikari Aswandikari Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9325 Tue, 23 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000