El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah <p><strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> published twice a year since 2010 (April and October), is a multilingual (Indonesian, Arabic, and English), peer-reviewed journal, and specializes in Arabic language learning, linguistic, and education. This journal is published by the State Islamic University of Mataram (UIN) Mataram, in partnership with IMLA (Association of Arabic Lecturers) with registered number ISSN <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1441861208" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2087-3638</a> (Print) and ISSN <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1546830981" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2655-7746</a> (Online). <strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> has been nationally accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia <a href="https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/profile/5830" target="_blank" rel="noopener">(Sinta)</a></p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br /><strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> <br />is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a></p> en-US el-tsaqafah@uinmataram.ac.id (Akmaluddin) akmal@uinmataram.ac.id (Akmaluddin) Sat, 27 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.16 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 DEGRADASI SERAPAN AKSARA ARAB DAN MELEMAHNYA PENGARUH ISLAM: ANALISIS HISTORIS TERHADAP AKSARA ALJAMIADO, XIAOJING, DAN JAWI https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9832 <p>The Aljamiado, Xiaojing, and Jawi scripts are a manifestation of the acculturation of Arabic Islamic culture with the culture of various community groups spread across various parts of the world. Acculturation is created through social interactions involving the carriers and disseminators of Islam. The script adopted from Arabic grew along with the development of Islamic civilization, and weakened as Islamic civilization declined. There have not been many studies on historical analysis and social construction by making comparisons between languages ??that adopt the Arabic script. Most studies only focus on one character through various approaches. This article aims to discuss the degradation of Arabic script absorption in Chinese, Spanish and Malay and reveal the essence behind its connection to the weakening influence of Islam. This research uses a qualitative approach with the library research method. Primary data sources include books and journals of previous research and other relevant sources. The results of this research show that the degradation of the absorption of Arabic script in the form of Aljamiado, Xiaojing, and Jawi is directly proportional to the weakening of Islamic influence. Meanwhile, its emergence was initiated by immigrant Muslims, driven by different conditions. Aljamiado and Xiaojing were born as a result of weakening Islamic hegemony, while Jawi was born because Islamic influence was getting stronger</p> Roslan Bin Ab Rahman, Riadussolihin Riadussolihin, Lenny Herlina Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9832 Sat, 27 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TAHLILUL AKHTHA’ FI MAHAROTI AL-KALAM BI AL-LUGHAH AL-ARABIYAH LITHULLABI MA’HADI SIRAJU AL-THALIBIN AL-ISLAMI https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9788 <p>This research is motivated by the issues related to the low ability of students in pronouncing letters, words, or sentences in Arabic, especially for beginner learners, to prevent future errors that may hinder the learning process. This study aims to analyze students' errors in reading Arabic texts from a phonological perspective. It is a qualitative research with a descriptive research design. The results of this research are as follows. Firstly, the phonological error forms in Arabic speaking skills among students of the Siraaj Al-Thalibin Islamic boarding school include errors in throat consonant groups (?????) and tongue groups (??????); vowel errors such as vowel deletion, vowel substitution, and long-short vowel errors; diphthong errors; double consonant errors (????); and assimilation errors (??). Secondly, the factors causing errors in Arabic language speaking skills include linguistic and non-linguistic factors. Non-linguistic factors such as low interest and motivation in language learning, and lack of application of the Arabic language.</p> Ela Kurniawati, Mamluatun Ni'mah, Ainur Rofiq Sofa Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9788 Sat, 27 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0000 IMPLEMENTASI TEORI BELAJAR KONSTRUKTIVISME DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MAHARAH KALAM MENGGUNAKAN COOPERATIVE LEARNING DI MADRASAH TSANAWIAH https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9571 <p>Constructivism theory is a learning theory that is oriented towards forming the structure of thought patterns and students' understanding of the material through experience and the learning process. This form of implementation in the field, especially in learning maharah kalam in Arabic, can be supported using the cooperative learning method. This research aims to determine the implementation of constructivist learning theory in maharah kalam learning using the cooperative learning method. This type of research is field research with a descriptive qualitative approach carried out at Madrasah Tsanawiah Satu Atap Al-Hidayah, Batu City, East Java. Data collection techniques use observation techniques and interview techniques. The data analysis used is the Miles, Huberman and Saldana analysis technique with three steps, namely condensing data, presenting data, and drawing conclusions or verification. The results of this research include the following (1) implementation of constructivist learning theory in maharah kalam learning at Madrasah Tsanawiah Satu Atap Al-Hidayah, Batu City with the cooperative learning method applied according to the steps and principles of learning, so as to provide a pleasant learning experience for students . (2) the problems encountered in implementing constructivist learning theory are a lack of initiative in discussing learning material and a lack of motivation in learning Arabic, so that efforts to deal with the problem of implementing constructivist learning theory are for teachers to provide encouragement and motivation in learning Arabic and make improvements- improvements in learning.</p> Fauzie Muhammad Shidiq, Aprilianing Tyas Tri Tungga Dewi, Langgeng Budianto, Mamluatul Hasanah Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9571 Wed, 01 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TAHLIL AL- AKHTO’ FII KITABATIL LUGGHOTIL AROBIYYAH FII TA’LIMIL IMLA’ BIMADROSATI DARUT TAUHID ZAINUL HASAN GENGGONG https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9793 <p>Writing is one of the four skills in Arabic language acquisition. Improving writing<br />proficiency can be achieved through spelling instruction. Dictation, an exercise<br />commonly used in Arabic instruction, involves the teacher reciting a text or passage,<br />and the student transcribing it. This study aims to delineate the fundamental types of<br />writing errors among first-grade students in a religious school. Employing a qualitative<br />descriptive research approach, the study utilizes error analysis as its methodological<br />framework. Multiple data collection methods, including tests, observations, interviews,<br />and documentation, were employed by the researcher. The results of this study show<br />that the errors identified in this study encompass mistakes in writing hamza, hamza<br />omission, letter deletion, letter addition, as well as errors in letter substitution and the<br />writing of taa. The primary factors contributing to these errors include students'<br />unfamiliarity with correct writing forms, inadequate Arabic writing practice, and<br />deficiencies in grammar and morphology skills.</p> Syamsi Hidayati, Moch Yunus, Zainullah Zainullah Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9793 Thu, 02 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 REDUPLIKASI SEMANTIS DALAM PEMBENTUKAN KATA BAHASA REMPUNG KAJIAN PERSPEKTIF DIAKRONIS https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9873 <p>The study investigates semantic reduplication in the Rempung language, aiming to elucidate its forms, functions, and meanings. Employing a qualitative descriptive approach, the research gathers data in the form of words or phrases that exhibit semantic reduplication. Data analysis methods include introspection and the speech method, encompassing direct and indirect speech, note-taking, and recording. With a diachronic perspective, the research utilizes the intralingual Equivalence method, employing both basic and advanced comparison techniques. The analysis results are presented formally and informally. The study draws upon the Simatupang theory and identifies seven forms of semantic reduplication across three categories. Semantic reduplication in the Rempung language serves two functions: inflection and derivation, each carrying nuanced meanings</p> Yeni Muzianti, Mahsun Mahsun, Muhammad Sukri Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9873 Thu, 02 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TATWIR WASIILATU TA’LIIMI ALMUFRODAAT ‘ALA DHOUI ANDROID BISTIKHDAAMI KODULAR LITALAAMIZI ALMADROSATI ALIBTIDAIYYATI ALMUHAMMADIYYATI JOPANG MANGANTI https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9708 <p>The main problem in this research is the lack of use of learning media which results in students' lack of attention to Arabic language learning. This research aims to (1) find out what students' needs are for Android-based Arabic vocabulary learning media using codular (2) find out the validity of the learning media developed; and (3) knowing the practicality of the learning media being developed. This research is research and development by adapting the 4-D model, namely define, design, development, disseminate. The research instruments used were interview sheet instruments, validation sheets, and practicality sheets. The data analysis technique used is descriptive statistical analysis. The results of this research are android-based Arabic vocabulary learning media for Arabic language lessons at Muhammadiyah Fullday Jopang Manganti Elementary School, especially for class III. This learning media consists of five discussions, each discussion consisting of mufradat, images, sounds, and exercises to support student learning. The research results show that (1) the average results show that students need Android-based Arabic vocabulary learning media using Kodular to support Arabic language learning in class III with a percentage of 100%. (2) the results of research validation analysis by three validators obtained an average learning media validation of 3.92 with a very valid category. (3) the results of trials conducted on 17 students and 1 Arabic language teacher also obtained results with an average score of 3.92 in the very practical category</p> Muhammad Rahmad, M. Yusuf Salam, Suharmon Suharmon, Partomuan Harahap Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9708 Mon, 06 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 DISKURSUS QIYAS NAHWI PERSPEKTIF IBN MADA DAN ABU ASWAD AD- DU’ALI https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/10012 <p>There are four nahwu postulates agreed upon by the majority of ulama, namely as-sima', al-ijma', al-qiyas, and istishab al-hal. Ibn Mada and Abu Aswad Ad-Du'ali agreed on four components of Qias, namely al-asal, furu', illat, and law. However, this research aims to identify his contribution to the field of nahwi science and identify the contrasting views that occur between Ibn Mada and Abu Aswad Ad-Du'ali in the use of qias in ulus nahwi. The research method used is qualitative with a literature study as a source of data collection. Data analysis techniques include an in-depth analysis of the contributions of Ibn Mada and Abu Aswad Ad-dual in the field of Usul Nahwi and a contrast to the use of Qias Nahwi as law. The result of this research is that in the discourse on Qiyas Nahwi, the perspectives of Ibn Mada and Abu Aswad al-Du'ali present different but complementary approaches. Ibn Mada emphasized structure and precision in applying Qiyas, while Abu Asad al-Du'ali was more inclined towards context and flexibility in using this method. These two approaches enrich our understanding of how Qiyas can be applied effectively in understanding and applying the law.</p> Hairuddin Arsyad, Aji Rizqi Ramadhan, Asep Sopian Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/10012 Tue, 07 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS METODE ARBA’IN PADA KEMAHIRAN QIROATUL KUTUB SANTRIWATI PONDOK PESANTREN ISLAM AL MUKMIN SUKOHARJO https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9651 <p>This article aims to measure the ability of nahwu and shorof as the main capital in the proficiency of Qiroatul Kutub, knowing the inhibiting and supporting factors for the ability of santriwati in Qiroatul Kutub, and knowing what methods are applied in learning Qiroatul Kutub proficiency. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research. By using three pedagogical, sociological, and psychological approaches. Data collection techniques were carried out by observation, interviews, and tests. The results showed that the ability of nahwu and shorof of female students majoring in religion was in the good category and showed indications of progress after the roll-out of Qirotaul Kutub learning with the Arbai'in method. Factors affecting the ability of Qirotaul Kutub students majoring in religion are the minimum duration of learning time for teachers and students, the different intelligence abilities of santriwati in interest in learning and differences in basic Nahwu Shorof abilities, the adjustment of the qirotaul kutub curriculum which has undergone revision is one of the inhibiting factors from the instrumental side of the institution. The Qiroatul Kutub method used is the Arbai'in Demak method authored by Al Mukarrom kyai Muharror Khudori, this method prioritizes efficiency and innovation in reading bare books or Arabic texts with the help of the Arbai'in Demak method. This method frequently prioritises efficiency and innovation in reading bare books or Arabic texts with the aim that educators or teachers and all students are able to master proficiency in Qiroatul Kutub.</p> Rizki Azizah, Muh. Fajar Shodiq Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9651 Wed, 10 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000 TAHLIL AL-NUSUS AL-MA’ANI FI SURAH AL-FATHI WA TATBIQUHA FI TA’LIM AL-LUGHAH AL-‘ARABIYAH LADA THULLAB BI MADRASAH HUSNUL ABRAR AL-DINIYYAH AL-ISLAMIYYAH KETANGGA LUMBUK AL-SYARQIYAH https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9941 <p>Muslims believe that learning Arabic should be primarily focused on understanding the meaning of the Qur'anic texts because the Arabic language and the al-Qur'an have a close link. Understanding the meaning of the Qur'an requires knowledge of both the inner uses of the sentences as well as the actual lafaz from which they are constructed. Also, because it uses instances of expressions quoted from the Qur'an, Arabic language study has not been centered on developing student talents in understanding the meaning of the Qur'an from the perspective of Balagah Science. This study employs a descriptive qualitative research design, and two methodologies are used to collect the data. A direct analysis of the Balagah Surah Al-Fath employing Balagah Science Theories Library Research is the first technique, in which researchers gather information by looking at the well-known interpretation books among Muslims. The researcher collects data, which is involves direct observation, and interviews in the research field. There are goals for this investigation is to make these methods more effective for learning Arabic. Based on the findings of the study process conducted at Madrasah Diniyah Islamiyah Ketangga, it has been determined that the surah Al-Fath contains a number of Balagiyah Techniques, including 1. Ijaz (4), 2. Ithnab (5), and 3. Musawah (1). The Qiasiyah Method is used to implement these Balagiyah Techniques, which starts with a general Qawa'id Balagiyah lesson before introducing examples from surah Al-Fath as a way to compare them to the Qowa'id and to help students understand it better.</p> M Sauqi Sufyan Anshari, Fathul Maujud Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9941 Fri, 31 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 ISTRATIJIYAT ALHADITSAH FI TATHBIQ THURUQ ATTADRIS ALLUGHAH AL’ARABIYYAH (TADRIS MAHARAT ALKALAM FI JAAMIAT AL AZHAR AL INDUNISIA NAMUDZAJAN) https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9813 <p>Teaching Arabic speaking skills at universities in Indonesia, many methods are used. The method is chosen based on the subject to be taught. This article aims to describe modern strategies in implementing Arabic language teaching methods. This research is considered a qualitative descriptive research type. The results of this research are as follows: (1) The process of teaching Arabic speaking skills at universities in Indonesia has been going well, however when discussing speaking skills, the data shows that college graduates do not yet have the ideal level of speaking Arabic according to the expected standards. (2) The selection and use of effective modern strategies for teaching speaking skills must be followed by various innovations in the use of teaching techniques and strategies that depend on the particular teaching methodology. (3) Using appropriate strategies that are in line with developments in science and information technology must be important for teachers or lecturers who teach Arabic language skills, especially for students from the Millennial generation and Generation Z.</p> Faisal Hendra Copyright (c) 2024 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/9813 Fri, 31 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000