El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah <p><strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> is a periodical publication which is published twice in publications with ISSN (e) <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;&amp;&amp;&amp;&amp;2087-3638" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2655-7746</a>, (p) <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;&amp;&amp;&amp;&amp;2087-3638" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2087-3638</a>. <strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> is one of the alternative journals to publish research articles, research results, seminars and others relating to linguistics, Arabic language learning, and learning studies and educational strategies. <strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> has been nationally accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Republic of Indonesia <a href="http://sinta2.ristekdikti.go.id/journals/detail?id=5830" target="_blank" rel="noopener">(Sinta)</a></p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br /><strong>El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA</strong> <br />is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a></p> en-US el-tsaqafah@uinmataram.ac.id (Akmaluddin) akmal@uinmataram.ac.id (Akmaluddin) Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.8 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 THE STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTIES IN PRACTICING ARABIC’S MAHARAH KALAM AT THE ARABIC LANGUAGE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT IAIN LANGSA https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/4690 <p><em>Mah?rah kal?m (</em>speaking skill) is one of four language skills for learning Arabic, the other three skills being <em>istima</em>' (listening), <em>qir?’ah</em>&nbsp;(reading), and <em>kit?bah </em>(writing). When learning to speak Arabic, students deal with both linguistic and non-linguistic challenges. This study used the descriptive analytical method with a qualitative approach to explore barriers in acquiring Arabic <em>mah?rah kal?m. </em>The subjects of this study were college students majoring in Arabic language education at IAIN Langsa, in Aceh. By means of interviews and questionnaire, the study found that impediments to <em>mah?rah kal?m </em>mastery were lack of self-confidence, limitations of introductory vocabulary, poor knowledge of grammar (<em>qaw?’id</em>) and of composition (<em>tar?kib</em>),<em>&nbsp;</em>and discomfort felt by listeners when lacking in conversational understanding<em>.</em>&nbsp;There were non-linguistic factors among the students too: differences in educational background; majoring in Arabic but not as a first choice; a limited language practice environment; and some limitations of teaching methodology. Accordingly, to improve students’ speaking skill, lecturers should seek to develop students’ motivation, memory, and practicing of speaking, by rehearsing examples from texts and from typical situations. To overcome barriers, academic lecturers should create supportive <em>bi’ah lughawiyah</em>, mandatory Arabic-day programs, and the use of media, such as YouTube, to expose students to new <em>mufradah</em>&nbsp;and pattern practices (<em>ushlub</em>).</p> Isnaini Lubis, Zulkipli Lessy, Muhammad Nizar Hasan Copyright (c) 2022 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/4690 Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 KAFÂATU AT-THULLABI BI QAWÂIDI AN-NAHWI WA-SHARFI WA’ALÂQATIH LIQUDROTIHIM ‘ALA QIRÂATIL KUTÂBI AL-ASFARI (AT-TURATSI) https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5276 <p>This study aims to examine and discuss how the impact of understanding and mastery of students on the rules of nahwu and shorof and the learning process at the al-Majidiyyah NW Majidi Islamic boarding school, East Lombok. The research method used in this study is descriptive qualitative with data collection techniques using interviews and documentation. The results of this study are: 1) The learning process of nahwu and shorof in al-Majidiyyah Islamic boarding school NW Majidi is divided into two, namely there are inside the classroom, and some are outside the classroom or extracurricular activities. 2) Understanding and The students' mastery of the nahwu and shorof rules has a very good impact and effect on their ability and fluency in reading and understanding classical book literature or the yellow book, and also with their mastery of the nahwu and shorof rules further motivates them in reading the turats books which have been they don't understand this yet, 3) For students who already understand and master the nahwu-shorof rules more it is easy to answer every Arabic exam questions held by Madrasah Institutions and also their scores in each Arabic exam have an average of 80 to 90, 4) And lastly, with their ability to read the yellow book then it will make it easier for them to continue their studies to Islamic universities both domestically and abroad such as in the Middle East in Egypt, Yemen, Sudan and so on in all universities that use Arabic as their language of instruction.</p> Iwan Hadi Saputra, Mustafa Bin Che Omar, Suparmanto Suparmanto Copyright (c) 2022 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5276 Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 KHUTTAH `ILAJIYYAH `ALA ASÂS NAZARIYYAH TAHLÎL AL-AKHT‘ AL-LUGAWIYYAH FÎ TA`LÎM AL-LUGAH AL-`ARABIYYAH https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5448 <p>The field of Arabic language education suffers from shortcomings in the adopted curriculum. Learners realize serious problems when learning Arabic in the classroom. The teacher is committed to solving their problems and makes a conscious effort to improve the educational content in the classroom. The theory of linguistic errors analysis plays an important role in identifying learners' learning problems and taking the necessary educational measures to overcome them. The study of linguistic errors makes a good contribution - theoretically - about the common linguistic characteristics in the teaching of the second language. In practice, the teacher assists in designing remedial courses by following the steps of analyzing language errors in extracting them. It complies with providing the appropriate material that prevents learners from repeating their linguistic error.</p> Ahmad Afandi, Edy Saputra, Muhammad Fadhlan Copyright (c) 2022 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5448 Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB ANAK-ANAK BERBASIS SITUS DARING (PENDEKATAN MAHARAH LUGHAWIYYAH) https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/4798 <p>The era of technological disruption has now touched various sectors, one of which is the education sector, especially Arabic language education. Arabic teachers need great attention so that students can adapt to the rapid changes in technology. However, most students have not been able to take advantage of access to technology optimally. This study aims to analyze Arabic learning online sites from the four aspects of maharah lughawiyyah, advantages and disadvantages, and aspects of financing. The study used a qualitative descriptive approach with content analysis. The primary sources of this research are 8 recommended online Arabic learning sites. The secondary sources are books, journals, and other references related to maharah lughah arabiyyah. This research shows, from the aspect of maharah lughawiyah, the only site that trains all aspects is nahwawanahil.com, while there are no other sites that provide specific aspects of maharah kalam training. For the other three maharah, 6 sites provide it in full. Only belarabyapps.com does not cover the three maharah, but only trains the maharah qiraah and the book. From the aspect of financing, only the sites arabiyah.net and belarabyapps.com provide it for free, while apart from these two, it requires a registration and financing system that needs adult assistance. However, the eight sites are worthy of being used as references for learning Arabic, especially for the online site category.</p> Ahmad Zaki Annafiri Copyright (c) 2022 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/4798 Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 NILAI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL DALAM CERITA RAKYAT SUMBAWA https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5524 <p>This study deals with the values of character education and local wisdom in Sumbawa Regency’s folklores.. This study aims to describing the types, content,&nbsp; the values of character education, the local wisdoms, and relevance with literature taught in elementary school. There are three sub-districts in Sumabawa Regency, they are Plampang, Lenanggular, and Utan. The subjects of this study were folklores entitled Paruma Ero, Batu Tongkok, Bola Sabale, and Meke Serep. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. The technique of the data&nbsp; analysis employs flow model analysis starting from collection, reduction, service, and conclusion. The raw data from the fields were selected, grouped, and arranged into an easy-to-analyze form to conclude. The research result from folklores ere; a myth, a legend, and a tale. The four folklores contain many character education values to impart curiosity, caring about environment, peace, high-determination, spirit of nationality, responsibility, honesty, creativity, religion, discipline, and independence.</p> Rosa Desmawanti Copyright (c) 2022 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5524 Fri, 12 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PAIKEM (PEMBELAJARAN AKTIF, INOVATIF, KREATIF, EFEKTIF DAN MENYENANGKAN) https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5267 <p>The basic principle of teaching is to guide students' learning activities so that they are willing to learn. Student activity is very necessary in learning activities so that students should be active a lot, because students as subjects are the ones who plan, and they themselves carry out learning. This paper discusses the application of the PAIKEM learning model at MAS Assolihiyah Lopan. While the benefits are as information input for education practitioners (teachers and madrasah principals) regarding the importance of implementing the PAIKEM learning model, and as study material for stakeholders for decision-making references, especially those directly related to the problem of teaching and learning activities in madrasas, especially regarding the application of the PAIKEM learning model in schools. madrasa. The results of this study provide positive implications and impacts for teachers at MAS As-Sholihiyah Lopan, namely understanding the PAIKEM learning model and being able to apply it in the teaching and learning process in the classroom. Although there are still cases of teachers teaching using a conventional approach, namely teaching dominated by the lecture method. Thus, madrasas still need guidance in order to dismantle the teacher-centered teaching paradigm into student-centered learning.</p> Fathul Maujud, Muhammad Nurman, Sultan Sultan Copyright (c) 2022 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/5267 Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB DI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH (TINJAUAN PADA KOMPETENSI GURU DAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN) https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/4757 <p>This study aims to show that the competence of Arabic language teachers in choosing the right learning model can determine the success of the planned Arabic learning objectives. In this case, Arabic teachers need to continue to develop their competencies, which include language competence, cultural competence and communicative competence. The subjects of this study were Arabic teachers and grade 5 and 6 students of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Al-Zaytun Gantar Indramayu. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach and method. Data was collected by observation, interviews and documentation. The results of the study indicate that the competence of Arabic language teachers in Madrasah Ibtidaiyah still needs to be developed with various education and training programs for Arabic teachers to be able to improve the quality of Arabic learning based on adequate Arabic teacher competencies.</p> Iis Susiawati, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Wiena Safitri, Dadan Mardani Copyright (c) 2022 El-Tsaqafah : Jurnal Jurusan PBA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://journal.uinmataram.ac.id/index.php/eltsaqafah/article/view/4757 Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000